The Effect of Participation in Service-learning on Social Problem Ability of College Students in Taiwan

Yuk-Ying TUNG
National Chen Kung University, Taiwan
yytung@mail.ncku.edu.tw

Hsing-Yu KE
National Chen Kung University, Taiwan

Abstract

The goals of this study was to: (a) find out the relationships between the university students' participation in different types of service-learning and social problem solving ability; (b) realize the impact of the time of participation in service-learning on social problem solving ability of university students; and, (c) understand the relationships between the core elements of service-learning and social problem solving ability of Taiwanese university students. In this study, the sample comprised of 981 university students from thirty-seven schools in Taiwan. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and nested regression model analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows: (a) Students who participated in community service learning had better social problem solving ability. (b) The time of participation in service-learning was significantly related to social problem solving ability. (c) Reflection and reciprocity played an important role in explaining social problem solving ability. (d) When the time of participation in service-learning, reflection and reciprocity were included, changes in the relationships between participation in different types of service-learning and social problem solving ability were evident. Finally, based on these results, this study provides some suggestions that could help the future implementation of service-learning and subsequently be used as a reference to future researchers.

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