The Effects of Teacher-directed Instruction, Student Orientation Instruction, Extrinsic Motivation and Intrinsic Motivation on Students' Engagement of College Students in Taiwan

Tzung-Tang LI
National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
zackli@mail.nsysu.edu.tw

Wen CHENG
National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
wen.cheng@mail.nsysu.edu.tw

Mon-Chi LIO
National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
mclio@mail.nsysu.edu.tw

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to explore the effects of teaching methods on students' engagement by analyzing the path of teacher-directed instruction, student orientation instruction, and extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on students' engagement. Furthermore, the goodness of fit for the model constructed from the study is also tested. A sample size of 2,546 participants from 2014 college students in Collegiate Learning Outcomes Assessment, participated in this study. The results show that the hypothesized model has a good fit to the collected data: (1) Teacher-directed instruction has not only a direct effect on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, but also an indirect effect on students' engagement through these two variables. (2) Student orientation instruction influences intrinsic motivation directly and also has an indirect effect on students' engagement through intrinsic motivation. (3) Intrinsic and motivation have a direct impact on students' engagement. (4) Intrinsic motivation is better in promoting students' engagement. Finally, we will also discuss some implications for educational practices and future research.

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